Wavering Cabinet ministers were also likely motivated by the desire to avoid senselessly splitting their party and sacrificing their jobs. German re-alignment to Austria-Hungary and Russian re-alignment to France, —[ edit ] In German and Russian alignment was secured by means of a secret Reinsurance Treaty arranged by Otto von Bismarck.
They were secretly sponsored by the Black Hand, whose objectives included the liberation of all Bosnian Slavs from Austrian rule, and masterminded by the Head of Serbian Military intelligence, Apis.
This would then free most German troops to fight Russia in the east. The Foreign Secretary, Sir Edward Grey, spent much of the summer of furiously trying to reassure Russia and Germany and prevent a war happening. It demanded that Serbia evacuate Albanian territory within eight days.
It was presented when the French delegation had left Russia and was at sea. On August 1, after hearing news of Russia's general mobilization, Germany declared war on Russia.