Journal of Social Psychology, In addition, highly identified fans tend to be socialized to sports early and view it not just as a game but also as a nostalgic or emotional experience. After measuring levels of sports team identification and psychological well-being, he found that the results are correlational but consistent: Higher identification with a team is associated with significantly lower levels of alienation, loneliness, and higher levels of collective self-esteem and positive emotion.
Where else in the world can you just pick an enemy and just hate them?
Before watching his Cubs win the World Series, Glassman remembers many other times when his team fell short from the heartbreaking losses against the Padres in and then the Marlins in Examining the potential causal relationship between sport team identification and psychological wellbeing.
Bernhardt may have opened the door on an important physiological dimension of fan behavior, but a broad conceptual framework explaining the human compulsion to watch other people play games—a condition that affects approximately 60 percent of Americans—was already coming into focus.
Testosterone levels typically peak shortly after waking each day, then drop about 35 percent by bedtime. Yet the team cultivates an overwhelming fan base and maintains a legendary bleacher-section community.
But Paul Bernhardt, an aspiring young behavioral scientist at Georgia State University, was determined. Brian J.