An analysis of agamemnon and clytemnestra in the book 5 of the history of peloponnesian war by thucy

peloponnesian war summary

For example, the chorus considers the various actions they should take upon hearing Agamemnon in his death throes while Clytemnestra and Aegisthus secure their power and ensure Agamemnon and his friends cannot immediately retaliate.

This indicates good news.

Wiki history of the peloponnesian war

What the Argives first demanded was that they might be allowed to refer to the arbitration of some state or private person the question of the Cynurian land, a piece of frontier territory about which they have always been disputing, and which contains the towns of Thyrea and Anthene, and is occupied by the Lacedaemonians. Afterwards some of them were dissatisfied, and leaving Syracuse occupied Phocaeae, a quarter of the town of Leontini, and Bricinniae, a strong place in the Leontine country, and being there joined by most of the exiled commons carried on war from the fortifications. The Corinthians thus follow the initial focus of the Archaeology, which stresses the prime importance of walls and physical strength. Oedipus killed his father and married his mother, which drove her to suicide, yet Oedipus did not knowingly commit these sins. Both describe their potential to perform cruel deeds as contrary to their sex. But they, upon the same pretence on which they had rejected it before, said, that unless it were more reasonable they would not accept it. Thucydides makes sure to inform his reader that he, unlike Homer, is not a poet prone to exaggeration, but instead a historian, whose stories may not give "momentary pleasure," but "whose intended meaning will be challenged by the truth of the facts. But if the invader be gone after plundering the territory, the offending state shall be the enemy of the Argives, Mantineans, Eleans, and Athenians, and war shall be made against it by all these cities: and no one of the cities shall be able to make peace with that state, except all the above cities agree to do so.

In order to gain wisdom and knowledge, according to the chorus, a man must suffer or gain wisdom by experience. For example, she tried to convince the Trojans that the wooden horse concealed within itself Greek soldiers that would sack Troy and raze it to the ground. About the same time Panactum, a fortress on the Athenian border, was taken by treachery by the Boeotians.

This is very different from Herodotus, who frequently mentions the role of the gods, as well as a nearly ubiquitous divine presence in the centuries-earlier poems of Homer.

An analysis of agamemnon and clytemnestra in the book 5 of the history of peloponnesian war by thucy

It seems precipitous, then, to accuse Thucydides of inventing the incident, as Badian does, or to doubt the motive Thucydides reports, as Hornblower does. The first episode Thucydides recounts in the Pentekontaetia is the rebuilding of the circuit walls around the city center of Athens, which the Persians had destroyed. She then asks him to consider what Priam would have done in this situation. The chorus does not precisely understand her utterances, but recognizes that it bodes sorrow and woe. He succeeded accordingly in persuading them to send ambassadors, himself being among the number, to invite the Lacedaemonians, if they were really sincere, to restore Panactum intact with Amphipolis, and to abandon their alliance with the Boeotians unless they consented to accede to the treaty , agreeably to the stipulation which forbade either to treat without the other. The Corinthians and Argives, being now in alliance, went to Tegea to bring about its defection from Lacedaemon, seeing that, if so considerable a state could be persuaded to join, all Peloponnese would be with them. An acceptance of the inevitable, regardless of the ghastly, appalling, and tragic nature of the future, is crucial for man to live well, and not be dragged down by despair and sorrow. The Lacedaemonians at first said that they could not allow this point to be discussed, but were ready to conclude upon the old terms. First touching at the still besieged Scione, and taking some heavy infantry from the army there, he next sailed into Cophos, a harbour in the territory of Torone, which is not far from the town. Aeschylus portrays characters in Agamemnon as possessing free will, but their life is ultimately governed by Fate. According to the Corinthians, the real power of Athens lies in something quite different from the sources of strength that Thucydides detailed in the Archaeology. He had with him of Athenians twelve hundred men of arms and three hundred horsemen; of confederates more; and thirty galleys. For the most part, the History does not discuss topics such as the art and architecture of Greece. Clytemnestra says that Agamemnon brought his death upon himself.

Another interpretation is that divine intervention and guidance is required to administer justice. Thus, the answer as to who violates gender roles more is entirely arbitrary. The play portrays fear as inhibiting action to a significant degree. Upon this news a force marched out from Lacedaemon, of the Spartans and Helots and all their people, and that instantly and upon a scale never before witnessed.

The history of the peloponnesian war by thucydides summary

His accuser, Meletus, claims he is doing so by teaching the youth of Athens of a separate spirituality from that which was widely accepted. It was then that Brasidas, seeing the Athenian force in motion and his opportunity come, said to the men with him and the rest: "Those fellows will never stand before us, one can see that by the way their spears and heads are going. The chorus considers it especially bad to be ruled by women because women are untrustworthy and weak. I believe that wisdom and knowledge are different. It shall be renewed annually by the Lacedaemonians going to Athens for the Dionysia, and the Athenians to Lacedaemon for the Hyacinthia, and a pillar shall be set up by either party: at Lacedaemon near the statue of Apollo at Amyclae, and at Athens on the Acropolis near the statue of Athene. Brasidas putteth himself into Amphipolis. The pretext was that the Epidaurians did not send an offering for their pasture-land to Apollo Pythaeus, as they were bound to do, the Argives having the chief management of the temple; but, apart from this pretext, Alcibiades and the Argives were determined, if possible, to gain possession of Epidaurus, and thus to ensure the neutrality of Corinth and give the Athenians a shorter passage for their reinforcements from Aegina than if they had to sail round Scyllaeum. Does Agamemnon have a choice when he sacrifices Iphigenia at Aulis? On the contrary, others see the death penalty as a violation of the 8th amendment. Therefore whilst they are secure without preparation, and intend, for aught I see, to steal away rather than to stay: I say, in this their looseness of resolution, and before they put their minds in order, I for my part with those I have chosen will, if I can, before they get away fall in upon the midst of their army running. He would not suffer them to make any sally, nor to face the Athenians in order of battle, mistrusting his own forces, which he thought inferior, not in number for they were in a manner equal but in worth: for such Athenians as were there were pure 1 , and the Lemnians and Imbrians which were amongst them were of the very ablest : but prepared to set upon them by a wile. I lived through the whole of it, being of an age to comprehend events, and giving my attention to them in order to know the exact truth about them.
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Thucydides, Pericles, and the Idea of Athens in the Peloponnesian War